sums of money that have been set aside from a budget, especially a government budget, for a particular purpose.


an interchange of ideas across space between two individuals.


to face without flinching or avoiding. The ability to confront is actually the ability to be there comfortably and perceive.


the action of noting or finding out the difference between two or more things.

fold up:

fail or give way; shut off.

Greenwich Village:

a residential section of Manhattan (the economic center of New York City), inhabited and frequented by artists, writers and students.


the action of regarding or treating a thing as identical (exactly the same) with another. It is the inability to differentiate.


a people living in the mountainous northern part of the island of Luzon, the chief island of the Philippines, and comprising various tribes.

ivory tower:

a place of retreat that is secluded and remote from the realities of the real world; some place or condition which is separated from everyday life.


a thing that acts as a chief support or part.

Merchants of Chaos:

people who make a profession out of relaying, supplying or forwarding bad news, confusion and chaos. Merchants are people who buy and sell commodities for a profit. By extension, they are persons noted for, or who have a particular interest in, some specific activity, or who make a profession of it. Merchant is often used with a qualifying word, sometimes derogatorily.


relevant or practical in terms of everyday life; having a foundation in fact.

Terre Haute:

a city in western Indiana, a state in the USA, adjacent to Illinois.

thumb, under (someone’s):

under someone’s influence and control.


Arnold Joseph Toynbee (1889–1975), British historian and educator, noted for his 12-volume Study of History written between 1934 and 1961. Toynbee studied the growth, development and decay of civilizations and concluded that civilizations progress successfully into the future as they respond successfully to challenges, human and environmental. He has been criticized by professional historians on the soundness of this argument and for his tendency to generalize.


a continuous belt or series of steps kept moving by people or animals walking on it, used to provide power to a machine, for example, to grind grain or raise water from a well; figuratively, any monotonous, seemingly endless routine in which there is little or no satisfactory progress.


brand name of an American breakfast cereal made from wheat and produced by American food company General Mills. The company used well-known athletes’ testimonials in its advertising, promoting the product as “The Breakfast of Champions.”